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预防肾衰竭

关于肾脏 – 迷思与事实

说法: 肾结石可导致肾衰竭。

答错了,答案是事实!

肾结石是由矿物盐结晶在肾脏。微小的晶体会在尿液中排出体外,但较大的结石会导致肾脏、输尿管和膀胱的尿液回流,从而引起疼痛。因此很少有人迟迟不治疗直到情况恶化为肾衰竭。
“隐形”结石的情况也可能会出现,也不会引起疼痛和症状。“隐形”结石经常长时间得不到治疗,有时还会导致肾脏损伤。

未经治疗的肾结石确实可能增加肾脏衰竭的风险,导致血尿流动受阻。这最终会导致肾功能减退。

与糖尿病和高血压相比,肾结石导致肾衰竭的可能性很小。
十分之一的人会在人生的某个阶段出现肾结石。

预防贴士

  • 多喝水
  • 减少钠的摄入,因为钠会引发肾结石的形成,并增加尿液中钙的含量
  • 减少动物蛋白质的摄入,如红肉、家禽和鸡蛋,因为这些食物会提高尿酸水平,并可能导致肾结石
说法:背痛是肾衰竭的症状之一。

答错了,答案是事实!

背痛通常不是肾病的症状。当肾脏因尿液流动受阻而膨胀或被感染时,可能会引起疼痛。肾结石的存在也可能导致严重的疼痛,特别是当肾结石在输尿管往下移动。造成背痛的其他原因还包括肌肉疼痛或脊椎疾病。

肾脏病不等于肾衰竭。肾衰竭是指当肾脏功能受损,无法维持体液的正常成分时而导致体内毒素的积聚。

不同的人会呈现出不同的肾衰竭症状。仔细观察你是否有以下症状,如:

  • 排尿减少
  • 作呕/呕吐
  • 手和脚踝肿胀
  • 眼睛周围浮肿
  • 发痒
  • 睡眠障碍
  • 高血压
  • 食欲不振
说法:这几年来,我一直定期服用他汀类药物来治疗高胆固醇,
所以我想吃什么就吃什么。

答错了,答案是事实!

服用他汀类药物(可以抑制肝脏内原醇分泌的降血脂药物)并不意味着您可以忽视医生所给予的低胆固醇饮食建议。

有些人错误地认为,无论他们吃什么,他们的药物都能消除多余的胆固醇。即使您正在服用药物,您也要注意饮食,尤其是饱和脂肪的摄取。

说法:如果您被诊断患上慢性肾脏病,您必须洗肾。

答错了,答案是事实!

不是每个患有慢性肾脏病的人都需要洗肾。慢性肾脏病是一个通用术语,用来描述广泛的肾脏异常,也可以在没有肾衰竭的情况下浮现。慢性肾脏病是一种进展性的疾病。

早期的慢性肾脏病通常是通过饮食和药物来管理。通过这种方法,大多数人可以减缓或停止肾脏疾病的发展,过着正常的生活方式。因此,及早发现和治疗肾脏疾病是非常重要的。只有患上肾衰竭才需要洗肾或肾脏移植。

说法:有早期检测慢性肾脏病和肾衰竭的试验。

答错了,答案是事实!

其中肾脏病诊断的测试和程序包括:

  • 血清肌酐是决定肾脏功能是否正常的关键指标之一
  • 尿液分析可以确定尿液中白蛋白(一种蛋白质)的含量,因为过量的蛋白质是肾脏损害的早期征兆。

肾脏病是一种进展性慢性疾病,分为五个阶段。估计的肾小球过滤率将决定病患处于肾脏病的哪个阶段。根据各人的情况,您可能需要额外的血液检查和筛查。

早期肾脏病通常是通过饮食和药物来治疗。通过这种方法,大多数人可以减缓或停止肾脏病的恶化发展,过着正常的生活。

有糖尿病、心血管疾病(包括高血压、中风、肥胖或肾脏病)病史或家族史的人患上肾衰竭的风险较高。因此,定期进行健康检查和咨询医生或医疗保健提供者是很重要的。他们将能够在需要时提出方案和建议。

说法:肾脏移植胜过洗肾。

答错了,答案是事实!

肾脏移植提供最好的长期存活率和生活质量,是治疗肾衰竭的最佳选择。被移植的肾脏几乎可以完全立即替代损坏的肾脏功能,从而使病患过着正常的生活。重获新生,病人不再面临洗肾说带来的日常的限制。

说法:慢性肾脏病和肾衰竭是同一回事。

答错了,答案是事实!

“肾脏病”并不等于“肾衰竭”。“肾脏病”是一个通用术语,用来描述与肾脏有关的不同类型的疾病。慢性肾脏病是一种进展性的慢性疾病。大多数肾脏病患可以通过遵守医生所提供的饮食和药物建议来控制自己的病情以便过着正常的生活。因此,并非所有肾脏病患都需要进行洗肾。

然而,如果您患有肾衰竭,也称为末期肾病(ESRD),意味着您的肾脏功能只有15%或更少。您的肾脏无法维持体液的正常成分,导致体内毒素积聚。

在这个阶段,你需要洗肾或肾脏移植才能生存。这也凸显了识别肾脏疾病的早期预警号和采取措施保护肾脏的重要性。
糖尿病和高血压是导致肾衰竭最常见的原因。这是因为它会损伤通向肾脏的动脉和肾脏内的小血管(肾小球)。无论哪个受损都会导致肾脏无法有效过滤血液中的废物, 而造成体内的液体和废物积聚到一个危险水平,最终引起肾衰竭。

说法:肥胖将导致肾脏衰竭。

答错了,答案是事实!

肥胖是导致糖尿病和高血压等慢性疾病的原因, 而这糖尿病和高血压是导致肾衰竭的两个主要原因。饮食选择不当、缺乏运动、有超重或肥胖的家族史以及可能影响饮食习惯的消极情绪,如无聊、悲伤或愤怒,都可能导致肥胖。

以下是一些帮助您管理体重的方法:

  • 快走,进行每次30分钟,每周2.5小时的快走
  • 每周慢跑或游泳三次
  • 准备一本食物日记,将您每日的饮食记录在食物日记里
  • 在购物前列出购买清单,以减少冲动购买的行为,并且避免在空腹时购物
  • 使用烧烤、烘烤或蒸的烹饪方法,避免油炸食物
  • 使用更健康的食用油,如菜籽、向日葵或花生油
  • 咨询您的医疗保健提供者以帮助您调整您的饮食、运动和生活作息
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FAQ

General Enquiries

As there are limited car park lots available at NKF Centre visitors may need to park at the nearby HDB car parks in the vicinity.

NKF HQ Mondays –Thursdays
Fridays
PH / Weekends
8.30am –6.00pm
8.30am –5.00pm
Closed
Dialysis Centres Mondays –Saturdays
Sundays
PH
7.00am –11.00pm
Closed
7.00am –11.00pm

We are open on most public holidays except for the 1st day of Chinese New Year.

NKF does not provide ad hoc dialysis treatment. Our patients are on long-term dialysis treatment. You may wish to check with private dialysis centres for ad hoc dialysis treatments.

NKF does not have an outpatient clinic and hence, we are unable to arrange an appointment for members of the public. You may wish to contact a hospital of your choice for outpatient service.

Currently, NKF does not provide health report interpretation service. You may consult your General Practitioner who will be able to assist you.

Someone with kidney failure may not experience any signs and symptoms until it is too late. It is best to do a routine health screening to understand your health status better and detect any abnormalities as early as possible so that you can delay and manage the disease progression.

To know about the signs and symptoms please click here to learn more.

Decreased urination Swollen hands and ankles Sleep disturbances
Blood in the urine (tea-coloured or fresh blood) Puffiness around the eyes High blood pressure
Nausea and vomiting Itching Loss of appetite

All dialysis centres operate on 3 dialysis shifts –morning, noon and evening.

Morning Noon Evening
7.00am –12.00pm 12.00pm – 6.00pm 6.00pm –11.00pm
Timing of your dialysis schedule may vary for each dialysis centres.
Schedules
Monday, Wednesday and Friday (1,3,5) OR Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday (2,4,6)

Admissions

Our Admissions Counsellor will contact you once your application is finalised. They will be in contact with you soon.

From the day we receive the application form, it will take approximately 3 working days to a week for us to get back to you if you have submitted all completed supporting documents together with your application form to us. Generally, the whole process will take 6 months for the approval.

The overall application review process will take approximately 6 months before the applicant can start the first dialysis treatment. However, if the applicant is able to provide all completed supporting documents and if there is a slot available at the dialysis centre with a right match to the time slot, the waiting time could be shorter.

Currently, we do not have status checking service online. NKF Admissions Counsellor will be in contact with the applicants regarding the status.

You may pick it up from the NKF main office at 81 Kim Keat Road, Singapore 328836 or call us at 6506 2187 to have the forms sent to you.

Means Test is used to determine the amount of subsidies each person needing care is eligible for. Persons from lower income households will be granted higher subsidies under the means test framework.

Means Test subsidies calculation is based in accordance to MOH guidelines.

Our NKF Admissions Counsellor in-charge will contact you in regards to your means test status.

The Medical Social Workers at your hospital will be able to advise you on the different type of subsidies based on your financial situation.

Kidney Live Donor Support Fund

For information on kidney donation in Singapore, you may wish to contact the National Organ Transplant Unit at Tel: 6321 4390 or email organ.transplant@notu.com.sg.

NKF’s Kidney Live Donor Support Fund covers annual health screenings and medical follow-ups; one-time reimbursement for loss of 2 months actual income of $8,500, whichever is lower: reimbursement of hospitalisation and surgical insurance premiums (capped at MediShield Life premiums); pre-transplant screening and evaluation costs for up to 2 potential donors per kidney recipient; and insurance coverage for Group Living. Policy based on sum insured of $200,000.

For more information and eligibility, please click here. 

Donation & Volunteering

You can make the donation through different platforms:

  1. For online donation: please visit https://nkfs.org/support-us/donation-programmes/
  2. Or you may like to issue a cheque made payable to “The National Kidney Foundation” or “NKF” and mail it to us at 81 Kim Keat Road, Singapore 328836.
  3. Alternatively, you may contact us at 1800-KIDNEYS (5436397) or email us at lifedrops@nkfs.org to send you the donation form.
  4. Road Singapore 328836.

Thank you for your generosity. The cheque should be issued to “The National Kidney Foundation” or “NKF”.

Thank you for bequeathing your CPF contributions to NKF. You can fill up the CPF nomination form which can be downloaded from the CPF website. NKF’s UEN is 200104750M.

Thank you for your generosity. You may like to visit the Ministry of Law’s website where you can find a list of lawyers based in Singapore. Please visit https://eservices.mlaw.gov.sg/lsra/search-lawyer-or-law-firm/

Our UEN/ Company Registration No. / GST Registration No. is 200104750M.

Please send us an email at lifedrops@nkfs.org or call us at 1800-KIDNEYS (5436397) and we will assist you accordingly.

You may email your new mailing address to lifedrops@nkfs.org , Please include your full name, contact number, old mailing address and UEN or NRIC/FIN (last 3 digits)

You may email us at lifedrops@nkfs.org to get the donation form. Please fill up your new GIRO/credit card number, donation amount and sign the form. Thereafter, post the GIRO form back to NKF for processing.

For credit card, you may wish to scan the form and send it to NKF via either of these options:

Email – lifedrops@nkfs.org

Fax – 6253 0417

Mail – 81 Kim Keat Road, Singapore 328836

Please email us at lifedrops@nkfs.org with your full name, UEN/NRIC/FIN and mailing address.

Please email us at lifedrops@nkfs.org to have the termination form sent to you. Please fill it up and send it back to us for processing and auditing purposes.

All outright cash donations to NKF are entitled to tax deduction because NKF is a registered charity with an IPC (Institutions of Public Character) status. We are able to issue tax deductible receipts for qualifying donations to our donors.

You are entitled to a tax deduction of 2.5 times the value of your donation in the preceding year.

You may sign up via our website at https://onlinereg.nkfs.org/vms/volunteerapplicationform.aspx.

If you do not have access to the internet, please call us at 1800-KIDNEYS (5436397) to have the application form sent to you. Please fill it up and send it back to us at 81 Kim Keat Road Singapore 328836.

Once we receive your application, our colleague from the Donor and Volunteer Management Department will contact you for a phone interview. After which, you will be invited to attend our volunteer orientation. This is to allow you to have a better understanding of the volunteering activities.

The minimum age is 13 years old. For volunteers who are below the age of 21, you will need to get parental consent. You may download the consent form here.

We strongly encourage our volunteers to commit at least a year so that we can better support our patients. Our programmes and activities are flexible, you can choose your volunteering schedule according to your interest and availability.

You may volunteer with us basing on your availability. We will send a weekly email to our volunteers indicating the up-coming volunteering opportunities. You can then match your availability to the activity schedule.

We have an array of volunteering activities to suit your interest and availability. To learn more about the volunteering activities we offer, please visit https://nkfs.org/support-us/volunteer-programmes/.

Anyone and everyone can join us as a volunteer. All applicants will be required to undergo a mandatory orientation session where you will gain insights into the Foundation’s cause, kidney disease as well as learn more about the volunteering activities we offer. Regular trainings are also conducted for all volunteers so that they can better perform their role.

Most definitely! We welcome schools, companies and community groups to volunteer with us as part of their Values In Action and Corporate Social Responsibility activities. Please get in touch with us on your interest by sending an email to volunteer@nkfs.org.

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All authorised procurement tenders or requests for proposal by NKF are exclusively posted on our official website. You may verify the information by visiting our official website or contacting us directly at contact_us@nkfs.org.