Kidney Failure​

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

This is not a kidney disease but a disease of the urinary tract. It may however lead to the infection of the kidneys (pyelonephritis) and cause permanent kidney damage if left untreated. It is the second most common infection – second only to upper respiratory tract infection (common cough and cold). Women are especially prone to get urinary tract infection as a woman’s urethra is shorter and very close to the opening of the vagina.

Infection occurs when microorganisms (usually bacteria from the gut) attach themselves to the urethra and begins to multiply. It may remain confined to the lower urinary tract (urethra and bladder) or move higher to involve the kidneys as well. There are also organisms causing this condition that are transmitted sexually. There are conditions that put a person at higher risk to get urinary tract infection such as diabetes, situations where a urine catheter is needed, abnormalities of the urinary tract, and obstructed urine flow (large prostate or stone). Urinary tract infection is also common in pregnant women.

Signs & Symptoms

Painful urination

Hot and foul smelling urine

Blood in urine

Fever with chills

Pain in lower

Increased frequency of wanting to pass urine

Nausea and/or vomiting

Back pain (Pyelonephritis)

Other common kidney disease

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The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) is deeply committed to journeying with patients every step of the way in their treatment and rehabilitative care, advocating kidney health to prevent kidney failure and making a difference in the renal landscape, to benefit the community.

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